With the help of this new display option, grammar is functionally rearranged into its four most important relations: 1) determination, 2) expansion or reduction, 3) transformation and 4) coordination.

This new division not only makes grammatical processes more transparent (because it does not only describe independent phenomena of a single language, but also functional patterns with universal character) but also reinterprets common but largely outdated ideas of grammar and transfers them into the 21st century.

The individual elements are subject to semiotic relations that can be classified into four groups. These are a) the determination, in which individual categories are defined or defined more precisely; b) the expansion or reduction, which causes category clusters to either emerge or disappear, c) the transformation, which can still be subdivided into conceptual and situational changes; and finally d) the coordination, which networks individual constellations with one another: