Four groups (X) can be identified within expansion or reduction: the nominal or conceptual group, the verbal or situational group, the adjective or dimensional group, and the adverbial or conceptual group:

The individual expansion patterns and results, each marked with (X⁺), are briefly presented using the example of a (very young, Adj⁺) girl (N⁺) won (V⁺) the tennis tournament(V⁺) (hands down, Adv⁺) :